When the Christians conquered the Arabs of Andalusia, the Arabs favored to be killed and driven out entirely rather than to leave Islam. It would not be verbose to refer to what is translated by monsieur Dousi about one of the Arab scholars who devoted himself in Baghdad to many lessons in philosophy attended by Jews, atheists, Magians, Muslims, Christians and others. ; Cultuurgeschiedenis. Few are the ethnic groups which rose and declined like the Arabs. Gustave Le Bon. A similar toleration was shown by the Arabs in all Syrian cities, whose inhabitants soon accepted the sovereignty of the Arabs and most of them embraced Islam instead of Christianity and learnt Arabic as well.”[5], “The conduct of the Commander of the Believers, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattâb, in Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis) proves how kindly the Arab conquerors dealt with the conquered peoples, the opposite of what was done by the Crusaders in Jerusalem many centuries later. He also has many contributions in social sciences, the most important of which is the theory of Crowd Psychology which is a branch of social psychology. His La Civilization des Arabes (the Civilization of the Arabs) is a clear witness to Islam and Islamic civilization. No nation has ever achieved the greatest number of inventions within the shortest time as the Arabs did. Gustave Le Bon fut un très grand voyageur et n’a cessé de parcourir le monde à la recherche d’autres cultures. Gustave Le Bon “Muhammad met all the harming and torturing with patience and endurance.” “Muhammad treated the people of Quraysh, who were his enemies for twenty years, with tolerance and kindness. [29] Gustave La Bone, la religion et la vie, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 67. Gustave Le Bon mengatakan, “Buku-buku Arab yang telah sampai kepada kita dalam ilmu Geografi penting untuk satu tujuan, dan sebagian dasar-dasar ilmu ini menjadi pelajaran di Eropa selama berabad-abad.” (Gustave Le Bon, Hal: 469). Le Bon reste une personnalité controversée. Such toleration had not been attained in Europe even after suffering along one-thousand years of destructive wars, deep-rooted resentments and bloody carnages.”[2], “The reader will see, in our discussion of the conquests of the Arabs and the causes of their victory, that force was not the main factor of the spread of the Qur’an. Thus, a lot of peoples very easily adopted their religion, systems and language, which established itself, resisted all invasions and survived even after the disappearance of Arab sovereignty from the scene. If it happened that some Christians embraced Islam and took Arabic as their language, this was due to the justice they saw from the victorious Arabs the like of which they did not see from their previous masters, in addition to the ease of Islam which they knew not before.”[3], “It has been proven throughout history that religions cannot be imposed by force. We will soon see that the Arabs were credited with presenting ancient knowledge to the medieval people and that the western universities, for five centuries, had no scientific resources other than their writings. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. Tudor Publishing Company, 1974 - Architecture, Islamic - 141 pages. Voltaire, Gustave Le Bon, Indian Left, Islam, Hinduism I have always argued that Indian JNU and AMU think tank is not a leftist think tank but a gang of Islamist and self serving non-Muslim mercenaries veiled as communist. That is, he did not exterminate them entirely: he rather levied upon them a very little Jizyah and forbade the Muslims to take anything from them.”[17], “The Bedouin tribes in the Arab Peninsula adopted a religion brought by an unlettered person by virtue of which they established, within less than fifty years, a great state like that of Alexander and adorned it with many magnificent buildings which stand as a miraculous sign. Recommend to friends. Contents. 1 Review. Politically, they founded one of the greatest states known in history and civilized Europe culturally and morally. From La Civilization des Arabes (the Civilization of the Arabs): “Islam, from among all religions, best suits the science discoveries and is the most ready to edify souls and force them to abide by justice, kindness and toleration.”[1], “With the flourishing of Arab civilization, religious toleration was absolute – a fact for which we have brought more than one indication. La religion prêchée par lui a été un immense bienfait pour les races qui l'ont adoptée. Author Le Bon, Gustave, 1841-1931 Subjects Islamic civilization. Mahomet et le Coran (1865), Jules Barthélemy Saint-Hilaire, éd. Whenever anyone of them spoke, attention would be paid to him with great respect and he would be asked to rely only on a logical rather than textual proof. It was sufficient for him to wipe away the pictures hung on the Ka‘bah and cleanse it from the 360 idols which he commanded to be overturned. It exempts the patriarchs, monks and their servants from taxes. Bu konuda bütün dillerde sayısız kitaplar, araştırmalar var. For Art of Islam, Gustave Le Bon collaborated with Elliott Flemming. Such outcomes, as I have mentioned more than once, could never have been achieved by force nor had they been attained by these who ruled Egypt before the Arabs.”[7], “The Arabs completed the conquest of Spain very quickly because the big cities hastened to open their gates to the conquerors that entered Cordoba, Malaga, Granada and Toledo, almost with a peace treaty. Gustave Le Bon, büyük bir … In his sight, it does not deserve all what was said about it or about its leader, Charles Martel, who but stopped the Arab conquests only in northern France whilst their conquests went on in its south. Mahomet a été le plus intelligent, le plus religieux, le plus clément des Arabes de son temps. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. To receive the latest topics on email directly as they are published, All rights reserved to Islam story website ©2012. He imposed only a little Jizyah on them. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. La Civilisation des Arabes (1884), Gustave Le Bon, éd. Or, selon lui, la fin de l’Ancien Régime a entraîné un changement radical dans l’âme du peuple et fait entrer les sociétés dans l’« ère des foules ». Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. Il n'a dû son empire qu'à sa supériorité. Des préjugés religieux ont empêché bien des historiens de reconnaître l'importance de son oeuvre ; mais les écrivains chrétiens eux-mêmes commencent aujourd'hui à lui rendre justice. C’est pendant l’un de ses voyages qu’il rencontre les musulmans et la religion de vérité, l’Islam. In fact, the Arabs established one of the strongest religions which prevailed in the world and whose influence is still more vital than that of any other religion. They levied upon them only a fixed annual Jizyah as little as no more than a dinar per noble and half a dinar per slave. The Arabs left the conquered free to practice their religions. Share this quote: Like Quote. Gustave Le Bon, the well-known French thinker stated in his book "The Arab Civilization": "Islamic virtuous deeds are not limited to honoring and respecting women, but rather, we can add that Islam is the first religion to honor and respect women. From inside the book . The Arabs abided by these conditions so much that the Egyptians loved them after they had bitterly suffered from the injustice of the Christian Caesars of Constantinople. They left them free with their property, churches and laws and made their own (rather than the Muslim) judges responsible for their legal affairs. Gustave Le Bon war ein französischer Mediziner, Anthropologe, Psychologe, Soziologe und Erfinder. Une édition électronique réalisée à partir du livre de Gustave Le Bon, (1841-1931) (sociologue), La civilisation des Arabes (1884). After extensive travels in Africa and Asia, he published books on anthropology and archeology, laying the foundation for his masterpieces The First Civilisations of Orient and the Arabic Civilisation. Artikel KisahMuslim.com That toleration was recognized by some European scholars who had doubts or those few in number who believed and gazed at the history of the Arabs. Friends Who Liked This Quote. Download or share this Gustave Le Bon quote with your friends on facebook, linkedin, … … But even, the different peoples had never known tolerant conquerors like the Arabs nor a religion like theirs.”[9], “The forbearance and toleration that characterized the Arab conquerors, of which historians were ignorant, seemed to explain to what extent they were able to expand their conquests. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Egypt. He also made the Ka‘bah an Islamic place of worship and soon it became the main house of Islam.”[28], You are indeed on a high model of moral character, “Muhammad was a man of noble manners, wisdom, kindheartedness, compassion, mercy, truthfulness and trustworthiness.”[29], “Few are the nations that excelled the Arabs in civility. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. The Arabs of Spain were so forbearing with their conquered people that they allowed their bishops to hold their religious conferences, such as the Christian Seville Conference (782 A.D.) and Christian Cordoba Conference (852 A.D.). Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. His works include: La Civilization des Arabes (1884); La Psychologie des Foules (1895); La Psychologie de l’éducation (1910); Les opinions et les croyances (1911); La révolution française et la psychologie des Révolutions (1912); Enseignements psychologiques de la guerre européenne (1915); Premières conséquences de la guerre (1916); Hier et demain. This influence on the West could be perceived only by imagining the state in which Europe was before civilization was brought to it. Download it The World Of Islamic Civilization books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on … Indeed, the Arabs were no less influential to the West than they were to the East. But it should be recognized today that all this was the work of the Arabs alone – an opinion opted for by all scholars who studied the Arab writings.”[24], “The more we delve into the study of Arab civilization, scientific books, arts and inventions, the more new facts and extensive horizons will appear to us. The Barbarians who occupied the Roman world, Turks and others, regardless of founding great states, did not establish a civilization and, therefore, the purpose of their existence was to utilize, even with great difficulty, the civilizations of the nations they conquered. Since the very first events, they contacted the native inhabitants of the neighboring territories who, suffering for long centuries from the transgression of their conquerors, were willing to receive, with warmth and gladness, any new conqueror to lighten the severe pressure from them. Gustave Le Bon, est un intellectuel à l'esprit encyclopédique de la croisée des XIXe et XXe siècles et auteur de nombreux ouvrages d'hippologie, de politique, d'histoire et de médecine, mais c'est principalement avec La psychologie des foules que nous le connaissons aujourd'hui. Within less than a century, they were able to cultivate dead land, build up ruined cities, construct magnificent buildings and establish trade connections with other nations. It was these who civilized Europe physically, mentally and morally and no nation along history has ever produced the like of what they produced within such a short time and no people have ever excelled them in artistic innovation.”[25], The best nation to be produced for the people, “However, the achievements made by Muhammad in the Arab territories went beyond those of all religions before Islam, including even Judaism and Christianity. Among his famous books is La Civilization des ArabesLa Civilization des Arabes The World Of Islamic Civilization The World Of Islamic Civilization by Gustave Le Bon. Dautre part, Le Bon dégage une i… They also embraced the religion of the Arabs and learned their language willingly. He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. That went on until the end of the seventh century. He saved them from the might of his companions with great difficulty. K likes. All these have gone to make it n concise yet thought-provoking work. Gustave le Bon S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. [1] Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 126. In spite of the fact that the Arab civilization perished much like the previous ones, nothing affected the religion of the Prophet which still has the same influence it had in the past and the same great authority over souls, although other older religions lose day after day something of their power.”[16], “Saladin did not like to follow, with the Crusaders, the same barbarous approach their ancestors had followed with the Muslims. In the following sentences I am going to quote from the books of many of them, which proves that our opinion on this issue is not just ours. “We see from the Qur’anic verses that Muhammad’s toleration with the Jews and Christians was so great as none among the founders of the religions before him, of Judaism or Christianity, had never been, and we would see how his successors followed his method in this respect. Cette histoire mal aimée jusqu'à nos jours se voit consacré un ouvrage dès 1900 par Gustave le Bon avec "La civilisation des arabes".Il y fait un exposé passionnant de la contribution des arabes aux savoirs de l'humanité. [30] Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, 618. http://video.islamstory.com/en/artical/25652. The way the caliphs had to follow was very clear: they knew how to refrain from compelling anyone by force to leave his religion and not to put to sword those who did not embrace Islam. . Réimpression de l'édition de 1884 publiée à Paris par Firmin-Didot. Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. La réalité historique de l’expansion de l’islam, par Gustave Le Bon Salim Laïbi, 3 ans de cela 2 min de lecture 578 Voici un texte qui semble largement ignoré par nos contemporains adeptes de la propagande anti-islam, n’hésitant pas une seconde à falsifier l’histoire et … Er gilt als einer der Begründer der Massenpsychologie, einem Teilgebiet der Sozialpsychologie. Ditulis oleh Nurfitri Hadi, M.A. The numerous Christian churches they built during the Arab reign give a clear proof that the Arabs respected the creeds of other nations which submitted to their authority.”[15], “The Arab civilization produced by the followers of Muhammad  was subject to the same norms which governed the previous civilizations in the world: emergence, evolution, decline and death. S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. … Muhammad was certain that Allâh commanded him to call people to a new religion which He revealed to him in order to renew the world and, by virtue of his certainty, he was able to change the entire world.”[18], “The Arab conquests had a specific character the like of which was missing with other conquerors who came after them. ISBN 9780415674133. The Fourth International Conference on Scerut was. world of Islamic civilization by Gustave Le Bon. ; Civilization, Arab. The opposite was true of the Arabs, who very quickly founded a new civilization extremely different from those prior to it and succeeded in attracting numerous peoples to their religion and language, not to mention their new civilization.”[19], Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs, “The Arabs had a great influence on the West, and Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs. Nevertheless, the Qur’an did not spread by the sword. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on European … p. 450. … Meanwhile, the Arabs well ruled the Spaniards, the same as they had done with those of Syria and Egypt. The Fin-de-Siècle World. They announced publicly anywhere that they respected the peoples’ creeds, customs and habits and rather satisfied themselves with taking, in return for protecting those peoples, a very little Jizyah much less than what they paid to their previous masters.”[14], “It is they who taught, or say, tried to teach the Christians toleration, the most cherished human characteristic. The World Of Islamic Civilization In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on European and Western civilization, not only by transmitting the Greek and Indian cultures but also by making its own tradition. In his book, The Arab Civilization, the French historian, Gustave Le Bon described the Crusaders, entry into Jerusalem, saying: The 'Crusaders' behavior, when they entered Jerusalem, was quite different from that of the tolerant Caliph Omar bin Al-Kattaab towards the Christians when he entered the city a few centuries ago .23 In turn, the priest of Bolol City, Raymond Dagile, described this incident in history by … The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind (French: Psychologie des Foules; literally: Psychology of Crowds) is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895.. The Egyptians willingly accepted and were thankful for these conditions, which encouraged them to pay the Jizyah in advance. Polygraphe, intervenant dans des domaines variés, il est l'auteur de nombreux ouvrages dans lesquels il aborde le désordre comportemental et la psychologie des foules. According to Robertson in his History of Charlemagne, “The great zeal the Muslims (from among all men of religions) had for their religion went side by side with a spirit of toleration toward the followers of other religions. سلسلة «نصيحتي لك» يقدم فيها فضيلة الأستاذ الدكتور راغب السرجاني لفتات وومضات سريعة من الشريعة لكل مسلم، ما أحوجنا إليها الآن وفي كل آن! Didier et cie, 1865, p. 82. Gustave Le Bon. [19] Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, 135. That the Arabs did not make other attempts to conquer this region goes back to the fact that northern France was very cold and rainy and this neither suited them nor encouraged them to stay there.